The Balkans are not keeping up with the global growth of renewable energy, but solar power is increasing at a faster pace

by Cristian Florescu

Our planet saw a massive increase in the amount of renewable energy being used last year. This means that more and more people are using solar power and other clean energy sources to meet their needs. Bulgaria and Cyprus saw some of the biggest increases in renewable energy use, but even countries that didn’t grow as quickly still use more green power than ever before.

Renewables are types of energy that come from sources that can be replenished, like the sun, wind, and water. They accounted for 40% of the world’s total installed power capacity at the end of last year, and according to the International Renewable Energy Agency, they need to become the most significant factor in providing power, including in the context of making the power grid more flexible and adapting to power that can vary.

The world added a record amount of renewable energy in 2022, reaching 3.37 TW. This is an increase of 9.6% from the previous year. An unprecedented 87% of all new power plants added were renewable energy sources.

We need to add more than 1 trillion watts of renewable energy capacity every year until 2050 to keep global temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius from preindustrial levels, with solar power making up more than half of that, according to the International Renewable Energy Agency’s Director-General Francesco La Camera. A revised reading showed that we added 9.4% more renewable energy capacity in 2021 than we did in 2020.

Most Balkan countries have a share of renewable electricity plants higher than the world’s 40%, the report revealed. Albania and Montenegro are ranked the highest, with 96.3% and 78.9%, respectively, followed by Croatia’s 72.4%. Serbia (35.1%) and Kosovo* (16.7%) are the only ones below the line.

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